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35970627_1898082060213405_56059040619256
architecture

Architecture team members at Ackerman-Estvold have provided building planning and construction facilitating services in northwest North Dakota for over 28 years. The architectural design team members bring a combined 100 years of experience in the design of building systems to every project in which we are involved. The Ackerman-Estvold team has assisted many public and private clients in their journey to adapt to the current needs in this increasingly growing region. We have provided intuitive and creative building solutions, in order to meet infrastructure needs, in a cost effective manner, all while completing the projects within accelerated timelines to quickly meet the demand being placed on clients and their organizational needs.

We have extensive experience designing a variety of building structures including schools, churches, shop facilities, office buildings, medical and wellness centers, and emergency services facilities. With the addition of regional architecture experts Anderson Wade & Whitty, PC in 2020, we make up the largest architecture team in north central North Dakota. To view a wide range of architectural projects we have completed or visit our PROJECTS page for case studies.

Scott Huber, AIA

Project Architect

aN ARCHITECT's
perspective

Fire Rated Wall Construction 

December 3, 2020

The International Building Code (IBC) identifies three types of walls used for fire separation of areas within a building. These three wall types are Fire Walls, Fire Barriers, and Fire Partitions. The use of these walls is dependent upon the occupancy separation required by the IBC and whether a fire sprinkler system is provided/required.  

  

The Fire Wall is the most restrictive of the wall types in the IBC, by creating a complete separation of the building based on the allowable building area, allowable building height, and type of construction. One goal of this system is to restrict the spread of smoke and fire within one building. The Fire wall is designed and constructed so that the structure on either side of the fire wall will collapse without the collapse of the wall under fire conditions. The fire resistance rating of the Fire Wall can range from 4 hours to 2 hours, based on Occupancy Group of the building. The Fire wall will be continuous and extend not more than 18 inches beyond the exterior surface. This extension is intended to stop the potential fire from traveling from one building to the other around the fire wall. 

  

The Fire Barrier are wall types that that provide a higher degree of protection than fire partitions. The fire barriers are used for separating exits, exit passageways, incidental use areas, shaft enclosures, separated occupancies, and fire areas. Fire barriers also include interior walls that subdivide a space into adjacent fire areas. The fire resistance rating of the Fire Barrier can range from 4 hours to 1 hour, based on the Occupancy Group of the building. Fire Barriers extend from the top of foundation or floor/ceiling assembly below to the underside of the floor or roof sheathing, slab or deck above. The joints at the intersections of the fire barrier walls must be sealed with a fire-resistance joint system (caulking). 

  

The Fire Partition are wall assemblies that enclose an exit access corridor, separate dwelling units in the same building, corridor walls, and tenant spaces in malls. Fire partitions have a fire-resistance rating of not less than 1 hour. Fire barrier corridor walls can have less than 1 hour, depending on Occupancy type and sprinklered building. Fire Partitions extend from the top of foundation or floor/ceiling assembly below to the underside of the floor or roof sheathing, slab or deck above. 

  

The Fire Wall is the most restrictive fire rated walls because of the requirements to separate the building within fire areas and provide a continuous fire rating from the foundation to the roof. The Fire Barrier is less restrictive than the Fire Wall in that it will provide a rated wall around shafts and separation of Occupancy Groups within a building. The fire barrier wall will be continuous from the floor through the concealed space at each level.  The fire partition is the least restrictive fire rated wall system used in fire rating corridors and separation of dwelling units. 

Scott brings over 29 years of experience to the design team including project coordination, building code studies, construction drawings and specifications, and construction administration. If you have any questions throughout this series or would like more information on a particular topic, please feel free to reach out to Scott. 

Building Code Overview

Interior Design Projects, A Cure for the Quarantine Blues

Architecture Ancillary Services: Facility Mapping & Wayfinding

 

Architecture Ancillary Services: Lease Space Services

Architecture Ancillary Services: Energy Audits & Evaluations

Architecture Ancillary Services: Building Evaluations

Architecture Ancillary Services: Master Planning & Feasibility Studies

Architecture Ancillary Services: Interior Design & Consulting

Delivering a Construction Project

BUILDING HEALTH

In our architectural BUILDING HEALTH series, lead architect Ryan Anderson, AIA explores ways to implement conscientious design into healthcare built environments, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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GRAPHICS AND MODELING

  • CONCEPTUAL PLANNING

  • COLORED FLOOR PLANS

  • 3D MODELING

  • 3D VISUALIZATIONS

  • CAMPUS/FACILITY MAPS

  • FIRE ESCAPE MAPS

  • VIRTUAL MODELING

  • GRAPHIC DESIGN

EVALUATIONS & ASSESSMENTS

  • MASTER PLANNING

  • FEASIBILITY STUDIES

  • BUILDING SURVEYS & ASSESSMENTS

  • ENERGY ASSESSMENTS

  • AS-BUILT DRAWINGS

  • ACCESSIBILITY EVALUATIONS

  • BUILDING CODE EVALUATIONS

  • LEASABLE SPACE EVALUATIONS

NEW CONSTRUCTION, ADDITIONS & REMODELS

  • COMMERCIAL

  • EDUCATIONAL

  • CIVIC

  • INDUSTRIAL

  • CHURCHES

  • RETAIL

  • HOSPITALITY

  • MULTI-FAMILY

  • INTERIOR DESIGN

  • HISTORIC

  • ADAPTIVE RE-USE

  • TENANT FIT-UPS

  • PROTOTYPES

  • BRAND STANDARDS